Regional / International



Traineeship program to begin in 2011
17 Jul, 2010, 08:00 (GMT -04:00)

KRALENDIJK — The Traineeship program for Caribbean Dutch citizens who wish to return to Bonaire, will begin in 2011. Fundashon Ban Boneiru Bèk announced the aforementioned. The Board of Governors of the island territory Bonaire had requested the foundation to advance the return of Bonaireans and the foundation had presented the program during the recently held Pasaat Recruitment Days in Rotterdam.

Ban Boneiru Bèk has worked on the program since September 2009, which is set up within the framework of the SEI-program, the Social Economical Initiative. Since then, the Netherlands has also spoken of the feasibility of the program with a number of institutions, amongst others with the chairman of the Lower Chamber committee for Netherlands Antillean and Aruban Affairs, NAAZ. Commissioner Henk Kamp is informed as well. The official report to Lieutenant Governor Glenn Thodé occurred in May 2010 on the actions taken, was followed by the presentation of the Traineeship Government during the third Recruitment Days on May 15th and 16th of the Antillean and Aruban students’ association Passaat in the Beurs WTC-building in Rotterdam.
The Recruitment Days is a career exhibition where various companies and organizations from the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba make contact with students, graduates and professionals who are interested in a trainee post or workplace on one of the islands.
Bonaire was represented with two booths: the Regional Service Centre and Fundashon Ban Boneiru Bèk, backed by Onsource as recruitment and selection bureau in The Hague. A survey was held amongst the students during the exhibition to find out whether they were interested in the Trainee program.
Fundashon Ban Boneiru Bèk states the result of such was ‘very satisfactory’. The current plan is to begin the program with all conditions and features in 2011. The Traineeship Government is aimed at graduates of the colleges and universities in the Netherlands, the higher professional and scientific education. The trainees will follow practical trainings with several government institutions in the Netherlands for two years with a personal coach to support them in their work. The Traineeship prepares them for a relevant position with the Bonairean government, where – at the end of the course – they can start in a staff, policy or management position to contribute towards the further development of the island in a concrete manner. “The political renewal of the Kingdom implies many changes for Bonaire in the field of education, health care, social affairs, infrastructure and environment. To guarantee these changes, there is a need for considerable intellectual capacity and administrative knowledge. For this purpose, Bonaire needs people who want to assist in establishing the island and ensure that Bonaire is heading for a prosperous, permanent future. The Traineeship Government prepares the people for such”, says Ban Boneiru Bèk.
For that matter, the foundation has already been active much longer in assisting people – who have a bond with the island and are originally from one of the islands of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba – with their return or emigration, to look for a fine job with an interesting employer, to begin an own company, or do a work placement practice. In this, it could regard students or professionals with a good education and much experience. For instance, Ban Boneiru Bèk knows there are substantial opportunities for them in the coming period. There is also ample current knowledge available at the Knowledge Bank on the foundation’s website on for example the introduction of the dollar, the environmental development plan and the culture policy on Bonaire.

Does Bonaire really need more cruise ship tourism?

Indecent Proposal: Cruise Ship Pollution in the Caribbean
by Mary B. Uebersax

Cruise ship tourism is proclaimed by the sea trade industry to be a boon, yet for the island nations of the Caribbean Basin, the benefits of the expanding industry may be in opposition with their overall development objectives. While Caribbean tourism associations are projecting better than ever trends in cruise passenger arrivals, unsightly and hazardous pollution problems are mounting on sea floors, in harbors and in coastal areas. Meanwhile international standards for protection of the water resources and regulation of waste disposal are largely ineffective at curbing the escalating pollution problems.

Read more at:

Conclusie Tripartiet BES 27 aug 2009

Besluitenlijst bestuurlijk akkoord Minimum Loon; uitkeringen en werkvergunningen

Brief reactie presentatie SZW

Bijlage bij brief betreffende de reactie op het concept-bestuurlijk akkoord inzake minimumloon, uitkeringen en tewerkstellingsvergunningen

 Hand to Hand for Haiti - February 15., 2009




Press release November 4th, 2008: Singles Month in Bonaire

Join us for the 5th Annual Singles Weeks held March 7-22 in Bonaire. Dive, kite or windsurf by day, dine and dance at night. Prices start at 800 USD* pp for a single accommodation (7 night stays), truck and 6 days unlimited shore diving with free Nitrox upgrade.  Windsurf and kite packages are available. Optional activities included guided hikes, birding, snorkeling, kayaking and mountain biking.

Singles month was created by Caribbean Wind & Sun Vacations to meet the needs of the independent traveler who seeks to meet other like minded adults. There is ample time for solo ventures such as shopping and exploring. It's a freestyle week to do what you like when you like knowing there are others for diving and dining. Call 800 219-0118 for dates and additional information. You may also send an email to

* Rates are subject to availability and dates. Taxes and insurance not included in the rate.

Ann Phelan
Caribbean Wind & Sun Vacations  "creating dream vacations since 1988"
Skype: caribchakita
800-219-0118 US Toll Free
011-599-786-3134 Bonaire Cell

Please ask me about travel insurance to protect your vacation investment.

News, October 24th 2007

Dengue-epidemic caused questions Island Council 

KRALENDIJK – After having learned about a possible dengue epidemic in the region, UPB-island council member Reginald ‘Yonchi’ Dortalina thinks that it is his duty to check whether Bonaire is prepared for this. 
The warnings by the Pan American Health Organization (Paho) and the Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (Cerec) stated clearly that the Caribbean- and South American countries should be on the alert for a possible dengue-epidemic.  As a result of this, Dortalina asked the Governing Body and especially the commissioner of Public Health, Boy Clarenda (UPB) a few pointed questions. 
He says that people traveling via air and via boat can also spread this virus.  He is therefore of the opinion that it is very important to be well prepared and to work toward prevention.  Is the routine-check-up of the Hygienic service done correctly? If so, he would like to see the schedule. 
Does the health department have concrete strategic plans to combat the multitudes of mosquitoes on the island?  When are they going to start with information campaigns, so that the people can also help with combating the mosquitoes that spread the dengue-virus? Are the physicians and hospital required to register the cases of dengue?  Do they comply with this requirement, and are there sanctions if they don’t?  Are the physicians trained to diagnose dengue? 
Are there currently cases of dengue registered in Bonaire and how many?  Does the hygienic department have sufficient material to combat the ‘Aedes Aegypti’ mosquito?  Does the hospital have the necessary equipment and personnel to treat the dengue patients, also in case of an epidemic?  He asks the hospital to inspect their plans.  He also asks whether the lab in Bonaire can diagnose the dengue virus fast in case of an epidemic. 
Does the Healthcare-ministry have a strategic plan for combating a dengue-epidemic?  He concludes asking the BC whether there are funds available to treat the Bonairean patients in case of an epidemic.  If so, he wants a copy of that budget.

Rapport Interbank (pdf; in Papiamentu; August 14th 2007)

Local DEMA Executive Director Tom Ingram to Visit Bonaire
August 10., 2007

With more than 30 years experience working in diving education and marketing, Tom Ingram is one of the USA's premier authorities within the diving industry. He currently serves as Executive Director of the Diving Equipment and Marketing Association (DEMA), a position he assumed in September 2002.
In his role as Executive Director, Ingram manages all business components for the association including finances, marketing and promotions programs, member and environmental relations, legal advocacy, trade show management, and implementing the goals and objectives of the DEMA Board of Directors. Ingram's vision plays a pivotal role in the organization as he works to revitalize the diving industry by developing marketing programs that promote the recreational diving industry, retain current divers, create new customers and drive new customers to destinations and retailers.
Tom Ingram will be in Bonaire August 12-19 while the Wounded Warriors are on Island to get their dive certification. While on-island, Tom is also looking forward to meeting and scuba diving with stakeholders, Scuba Tour sponsors, STINAPA and others. This will be Tom's very first visit to Bonaire and he has expressed his excitement in finally getting the opportunity to dive the destination that he has heard so much about.

Smile, awareness workshops 
August 8., 2007

Ambassadors of the awareness program for tourism were the first to be introduced to the workshops which will be given to everyone on Bonaire. 
The ambassadors of the Tourism Awareness Program (TAP) form a role model in the Bonairean community and the Tourism Corporation Bonaire (TCB) has chosen them to fulfill an honorary function at various activities and events. 
The project TAP is an initiative of TCB and will take three years, with Usona financing the project. TAP's goal is to make the Bonairean community more aware of the dynamics and the importance of tourism now and in the future. The aim is to offer everyone on the island a training program free of charge. A few trainers have followed a course and are ready to start giving the free workshops this week. The trainers are: Jeaninne Wong Loi Sing, Denise de Jongh, Marcel Lerus, Diana Sint Jago, Gilberto Lira, Merel Zanen, Jeanne Emers, Mary Tjin Asjoe, Juliette de Grijze and Imke Reingoud.

Wounded Warriors
August 7th, 2007

The Wounded Warriors are young men and women from the United States military service who have been severely injured in the Middle East; they have suffered amputations, some even multiple amputations, or serious limb damage. 
In October, 2006, Bonaire welcomed the first group of Wounded Warriors and completed their diving certifications.  The program was so enthusiastically appreciated by these courageous young men, that a new program is in the works for this August 11 through 18.
During this upcoming week, new Wounded Warriors will arrive on Bonaire along with friends, family, and loved ones.  Here they and their families will continue and finalize their Open Water diving certifications.  They have a full schedule of activities, which will show them all aspects of Bonaire.

Tiara Air
August 7th, 2007

Tiara Air Short 360 took off recently on its way to Flamingo International Airport on the island of Bonaire, a 45 minute flight, with Tiara management, dignitaries and press members on board.
Members of Reina Beatrix Airport in Aruba gathered in the VIP room to bid passengers goodbye and wish Tiara Air success on its new venture.
The aircraft was welcomed on the island of Bonaire by Lt. Governor Herbert Domacasse, Minister Elvis Tjin-A-Sjoe, and Deputy Anthony Nicolaas.   Aruba born Ronella Croes, Director of Bonaire Tourism Corporation, joined them to meet and greet the aircraft with its 33 visitors on board.  Tiara Air's managing director Alejandro Muyale cut a yellow and blue ribbon and officially declared the Aruba-Bonaire-Aruba open.
Tiara Air now offers six weekly on time flights with in-flight snacks and refreshments. The one-year-old Aruba-based company is determined to serve both the tourist and local business and leisure markets.

National lottery computerized
July 27., 2007

During a meeting with retailers of the National Lottery in Bonaire, director Humphrey Genaro indicated that there are plans to introduce a computerized system soon. He assured the retailers that they would suffer no adverse consequences from this.  On the contrary, the new system will improve service to retailers.  
The way it works up till now, when the retailers want a special number, they have to get that from Curacao. After the lotteries are printed, they are distributed to each of the islands in packages.
A database will be used in the new system. This database will contain all 35.000 numbers. If the desired number is available, it can be retrieved and printed in Bonaire via the system.  

SeaTrade 2007 - Ocean Realm Report - Produced by Ken English »

Despite pre-election banter regarding the "limiting of cruise ships to Bonaire", Ramasito Booi is seen on this video clip telling all that he is looking to increase passenger travel from 35,000 to 200,000.


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Hallo vrienden en belangstellenden van broeder Gerard,
Wij spraken vandaag met een energieke fré Gerard! Die niet kan wachten om een heleboel goed werk te doen met het half miljoen dat U met zijn allen voor de ontredderde Haïtianen bij elkaar heeft gebracht.
Hij popelt om zijn projecten in orde te maken en om getroffen buren en bekenden een onderkomen te geven.
Op de boerderij zijn ze ver door hun voedsel heen.
De kleine kinderen zijn erg onrustig en snel overstuur.
Nog steeds is er veel aanloop bij de boerderij, maar zoals gezegd, veel te delen is er niet.
De tussenstand van de inzameling voor noodhulp en wederopbouw voor en via de projecten van broeder Gerard is... € 485.000 !

Conference about living and doing business on Curaçao
August 10., 2007

----WILLEMSTAD - With the 'Wealth and Business Preservations Conference 2007' the  Curaçao International Financial Services Association, or Cifa, hopes to attract wealthy investors and entrepreneurs from Latin America by showing them everything the island has to offer. The conference will take place September 6 th through the 9th.   
Cifa expects to welcome around 150 foreign investors and 100 local service providers to the conference. During the conference, Curaçao will be recommended as a centre for the international financial service sector and information will be given with regard to doing business and living on Curaçao.
Cifa: "The biggest attraction of this conference for the Latin American investors is the guarantee of safety of their wealth, capital and their families against possible external factors." On Curaçao investors can choose from all sorts of fiscal advantages, services and facilities. The island also offers them the possibility of establishing themselves here while still being able to run their companies and businesses at home.
In this respect the speakers will touch on subjects relating to the possibilities of preserving capital, the local education system, the possibilities of living here, the process of purchasing a home, investment possibilities and other relevant subjects.  

This conference has the support of both local organizations such as Curinde (Economic Zone), CTB (tourist bureau), CAP (airport) and CPA (port authorities) and of interest groups such as CBA (bankers), Ibna (International Banker's Association) and Cifa. There are also sponsors who literally put in a good word, such as banks, accountants-and trust offices, who may or may well not be a member of the cooperating interest groups. For more information about the conference, visitors can download the flyer from the website,  and download the flyer.

1000 Civil Servants booted
July 27., 2007

Home- and Constitutional Affairs Minister Roland Duncan (National Alliance) caused a lot of commotion with his comment that 1000 civil servants will loose their jobs with the creation of the Country Curaçao.   Union ABVO calls the minister's statements 'very irresponsible'. General Affairs Commissioner Zita Jesus-Leito (PAR) emphasizes that Curacao will take all the civil servants that work on the island.   
Duncan made his statements in the interview program 'Perspektiva' on Z86 Wednesday.  In a reaction yesterday, the minister said that he doesn't understand the commotion.  "I didn't say that it is going to happen, I only said that there is a possibility.
It is now up to everybody to take measures and make sure that it doesn't happen.  It is a simple calculation.   If you add all the civil servants in Curacao to the ones working in Curacao for the national government, the sum will be between 5000 and 6000 people.  It is not realistic to assume that the new Country Curacao is going to continue with so many civil servants."    
According to ABVO, Duncan 's statements are against all the agreements made. Furthermore, they deeply affect the confidence in the government, causing " turmoil and uncertainty within the island- as well as the national civil service.  For that reason, the committee of ABVO wants to know in return mail, whether Minister Duncan's statements are based on the truth and also supported by the national government."  
Commissioner Jesus-Leito is not happy with the Minister's statements either, declaring  "I don't know where he gets this from.   In none of the information that I have examined  have I seen anything about 1000 people losing their jobs.  The fact is that the island government will assume all the civil servants.   The BC cannot decide that it will take some and not others...In mid August we will sit down with the National Government and the different island governments to talk about this subject.   A lot has to be done still, but the idea is not to send people home."  
Reactiing to Jesus-Leito's statements in the local media, Duncan said that he will respect her opinion, but that she is only recently back in office as commissioner.   "The former BC of Curaçao had a totally different opinion in this matter.  She's still thinking in terms of the document Toekomst in Zicht (TIZ), in which is determined that the civil servants of the island government will get the first choice to work for the new Country Curacao.  The new BC now says that they will take over all the civil servants.   It is still not clear how they are going to do that.  Duncan is planning to deliberate with the different commissioners as well as the union involved, on how the future path should be followed.
Duncan later apologized for possibly having offended people in Curacao with his statements.    "I only brought forward what we can expect.  As a minister, you cannot always talk about positive matters.   We cannot close our eyes and act as if nothing is the matter.  This matter must be taken care of." 
DP-council member Norbert George wants the BC to clarify Duncan's statements. He also wants the Island Council to discuss this matter in a public meeting.

Dutch party wants counseling for Antilleans in asylum centers
July 25., 2007

Antillean youngsters likely to fall into criminal behavior should be accommodated in asylum-seekers centers, according to Dutch political party Groen Links. The Central Asylum-Seekers Organization CAO has offered its facilities to youth organizations.
The Groen Links plan is to offer voluntary guidance counseling in the asylum-seekers centers for Antillean youths coming to the Netherlands.   Councilwoman Edwina Molina, for the municipality of Almere, one of the 22 so-called Antillean municipalities, said that for some of the Antilleans coming to the Netherlands [with nothing],   "A bad beginning could be determined for the rest of their lives."
A majority of the space used for asylum-seekers will become free soon, Molina said. "Why can't we use these facilities for Antillean families of youngsters who still don't have a place to live?" she said.
CAO spokesman Jan Willem Aanhols claimed plans have been drafted to carry out this policy and that CAO have the expertise and facilities to carry out such a policy.  "Such an approach is new for the group of Antilleans in the Netherlands.  It has to be a preventive approach with social training skills, Dutch lessons and job training.  We want to prevent youngsters from going on the wrong path," he said.
An adequate approach to Antillean youngsters is necessary because a scientific report by the Dutch Scientific Research and Documentation Centre WODC and the Central Bureau for Statistics showed that Antilleans were involved in all sorts of crime and that they had the highest scores.
Former Dutch Integration Minister Rita Verdonk said the plan to guide Antillean youngsters made no sense and that the youngsters should be sent back to the Antilles for proper education. However, Antillean Minister Plenipotentiary in The Hague Paul Comenencia believes the compulsory social education program for youngsters ages 16-24 in the Netherlands Antilles should be introduced in the Netherlands as well.

Navy awaits cutback
July 5., 2007

The outline note that the Lower House received from Defense-minister Eimert van Middelkoop (ChristenUnie) and Secretary of State Cees van der Knaap ( CDA ) yesterday includes a few radical economy measures. The plans are among others, to replace the marines in Curacao with short-term army militaries. The House will decide on this after the summer recess. Further interpretation of the measure is meanwhile being studied.
One thing is for sure, the 32nd infantry-unit of the Marine Corps, including the so-called SSS -detachment stationed in Aruba (Savaneta), stays. The SSS -detachment is specially trained for deployment in case of hurricane disaster. It is not clear yet how the proposed measure for the others is being interpreted. This measure will have to cut back 3.7 million euro. The details still have to be worked out, confirmed Karen Gelijns, information official on the Parera Naval Base in Curacao . "We received the information via the letter that was sent to the Lower House."

The JFK “plot”: another grossly inflated threat

By Bill Van Auken
5 June 2007

The weekend’s news in the US was dominated by screaming headlines and sensationalist broadcast coverage of an alleged plot in New York to blow up John F. Kennedy International Airport’s jet fuel tanks and supply lines. The attack would have been, according to many accounts, “more devastating than September 11.”
Four men were charged in an indictment [] unveiled Sunday that included features that have become almost invariable in every such “terror” case brought by the government in recent years. First, the suspects had not only carried out no acts of terror, but they apparently lacked any means to realize such an attack. Second, a central figure in the alleged plot was a paid undercover informant of the FBI.
Broadcast networks spoke of the worst threat since the attacks on New York and Washington in 2001, while reporters were sent out to conduct random interviews with passengers passing through JFK as well as residents living near the pipelines, asking how they felt about their supposed near brush with death.
As usual, New York City’s tabloids excelled in this sensationalism. Rupert Murdoch’s New York Post Sunday referred to the alleged plot in its headline as an “inferno plan” and carried an editorial stating that the purported plan “to do calamitous damage to JFK International Airport and surrounding residential neighborhoods underscores yet again the overarching threat Islamist terrorism poses to America.”
The New York Daily News on Monday carried five pages on the “plot,” with a ludicrous front-page headline, “Evil Ate at Table Eight,” promoting an inside interview with the Brooklyn waitress who served a meal to Russell Defreitas, whom the paper describes as the “mastermind” of the alleged plot, just before he was picked up by federal agents and police.
Yet the profile of Defreitas, a 63-year-old US citizen who emigrated from Guyana 25 years ago, hardly suggests a terrorist “mastermind.” A former friend describes him as someone who, before becoming a Muslim, had declared himself a Rastafarian and grown dreadlocks. He recalled his involvement in various business schemes to ship air conditioners or refrigerators to Guyana, none of which ever came to anything.
“He couldn’t even fix brakes,” the former friend said. “He never built bombs.”
Other accounts described him as a retired worker living in an impoverished Brooklyn neighborhood, who on various occasions had been homeless. New York Newsday, for example, reported, “Since being laid off from his job as a cargo worker several years ago, Russell Defreitas has lived a meek existence—at times sleeping in trains and trying to eke out a living running two-bit scams, selling incense on street corners and collecting welfare, acquaintances said.”
Also charged in the indictment are Abdul Kadir, a citizen of Guyana and former member of the Guyanese Parliament, and Kareem Ibrahim, a citizen of Trinidad, both of whom are under arrest in Trinidad awaiting a hearing on a US extradition request. Lawyers for the two said that they would fight extradition, likely raising the US record of torturing terrorism suspects. A fourth defendant, Abdel Nur, also a citizen of Guyana, has yet to be arrested.
A key figure in the alleged plot, however, is named in the indictment only as “the source.” He is identified as a convicted drug trafficker who, in exchange for favorable consideration on a pending jail sentence as well as cash payments, agreed to infiltrate the supposed terrorist cell.
Much of the evidence contained in the indictment consists of recordings of conversations between “the source” and the defendants. What emerges clearly, however, is the leading role this “informant” played in the alleged plot. Defreitas is quoted as saying that they saw him as someone “sent by Allah” to lead them.
The indictment also refers to meetings and recorded conversations between both Defreitas and the source and individuals in Guyana, who are identified only as “Individuals A through F.”
These six unnamed men are quoted proposing a wide range of terrorist activity, including smuggling “mujahideen from Asia into Guyana and then into the United States,” blowing up US helicopters at the Guyanese airport and the plan to blow up the JFK fuel system. On this last proposal, these unnamed individuals also suggest the use of dynamite and chemical explosives and advise on how to obtain these materials. One of these individuals also proposes that the plotters seek the assistance of a Trinidadian Islamist group, Jamaat al Muslimeen. In the account of these conversations, Defreitas is not quoted as saying anything.
The obvious question is why these six unnamed “individuals” have not been charged. One likely explanation is that they too were, in one form or another, participants in an elaborate effort to ensnare a hapless and sometimes homeless retiree and others in a plot that was fundamentally staged by the US government for its own purposes.
The blood-curdling accounts in the media largely reflected the highly charged language of US prosecutors and police officials in presenting the indictment. Roslynn Mauskopf, the US attorney in Brooklyn, New York, in announcing the charges, said, “Had the plot been carried out, it could have resulted in unfathomable damage, deaths and destruction.” She added, “The devastation that would be caused had this plot succeeded is just unthinkable.”
The words “unfathomable” and “unthinkable” were undoubtedly chosen carefully, as the type of chain reaction of explosions described in the indictment was quite simply impossible.
Both airport security officials and pipeline experts dismissed the allegedly catastrophic disaster that supposedly would have been triggered by blowing up a fuel pipeline or storage tanks. While the federal indictment suggested that such an explosion could travel along the pipelines linking tanks in Linden, New Jersey into Brooklyn, New York and across the borough of Queens, this is impossible, both because the pipelines are equipped with safety valves that shut off the flow of fuel in event of a leak and because there is inadequate oxygen inside the pipes to sustain a fire.
The New York Times, whose skepticism about the federal indictment was clearly signaled by the newspaper placing stories on the JFK “plot” on its Metro pages, quoted Neal Sonnett, a defense lawyer and former federal prosecutor, as saying, “There unfortunately has been a tendency to shout too loudly about such cases.”
The Times article went on to say that Sonnett, also a former president of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, “noted that there is a broader risk in overstating the sophistication of a terror plot. At a time when many Americans live in justified fear of an attack, the risk is that drumbeating creates a climate of fear and drives public policy.”
There is every reason to believe that the succession of “terror” cases, each one weaker than the last and virtually all of them driven by “informants” who seem to play more the role of agents provocateur, are aimed at achieving precisely this effect. They serve as a means of intimidating public opinion with fear, justifying attacks on democratic rights and diverting attention from the ongoing debacle in Iraq.
The problem faced by the government is that the public is growing increasingly skeptical about these cases, with a sizeable portion of the population having concluded that they are trumped up for political purposes.
Under these conditions, the danger is that those who now control the reins of power in Washington may be concluding that something more tangible is needed.
On the same day that the alleged JFK “terror plot” broke in the news, the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette published a revealing interview with that state’s new Republican Party chairman, who described himself as “150 percent for Bush.”
“At the end of the day,” said state party chairman Dennis Milligan, the owner of a water treatment business, “I believe fully the president is doing the right thing, and I think all we need is some attacks on American soil like we had on [Sept. 11, 2001 ], and the naysayers will come around very quickly...”
The question is whether elements in the Bush administration are reaching similar conclusions and preparing to engineer or allow another round of terrorist attacks “on American soil” as a pretext for suppressing the overwhelming popular opposition to its policies.

Source: World Socialist Web Site


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